Search Scotland's Theme Park
Plecostomus Catfish

Plecostomus Catfish

(Hypostomus plecostomus)


Plecostomus catfish are usually black, brown or grey in colour with darker spots along their body for camouflage. They will reach an average length of 38cm, but they can range from 30-61cm in length. They have wide heads with narrower bodies and a spiny dorsal fin.

Habitat & Distribution

The plecostomus catfish, or common plecostomus, is native to Central and South America. They are found in streams and rivers and spend a lot of time on the riverbed hiding amongst rocks and branches.


These catfish are scavenging omnivores. As juveniles they will feed on a range of plant material including algae and wood, and they will also feed on live fry and eggs. As adults their diet tends to shift to live plant material and larger prey.

Life Span

Plecostomus catfish can live for 10-15 years.

Conservation Status

Not evaluated but not believed to be a concern.