(Carassius auratus auratus)
The goldfish is one of the smallest members of the carp family. They are a freshwater species with several different breeds ranging in colour from white, yellow, and orange, to red, brown, and black. These fish can grow up to 41cm depending on the size of aquarium or pond.
Habitat & Distribution
Goldfish originate from East Asia. In the wild these fish will be found in slow-moving rivers, lakes, and ponds.
Goldfish are omnivores and will feed on a variety of aquatic plants and invertebrates, they will also eat small crustaceans.
Goldfish can live for 10-30 years.
Did you know?
Goldfish released into the wild by humans have become an invasive
species in North America.
The selective breeding for the bright colours of goldfish first began in
Ancient China more than 1000 years ago.
Although commonly thought to have terribly short memories, research
has shown that goldfish have a memory span of up to 3 months.